Origami; The Art of Paper Folding

The art of creasing the paper to make intricate or simple figures and shapes is called Origami. Origami is an art that has its root anchored in Japanese culture, this technique brings life to the dead, flat sheet of paper by folding it into different sculptures. People nowadays from all over the world practice this art style. The beautiful figures such as a crane, flowers, butterflies and much more made by just a sheet of paper concentrated attention of people from all around the world. The simple yet a complex method of this transformation made many people to learn it and then to teach it as well.

In Origami practices, usually a Square piece of paper is used to fold it into various figures. Although people today and in old times used scissors, tape, glue etc. to get a clean cut or to bind paper perfectly. But modern technique discourages the use of any sort of amenity such as glue, scissors etc. Many experts discourage the use of any tools either to do Origami, however people use various tools to build complex or a complicated structure. Tools such as paper clips and tweezers can be used. Bone folders aid in making sharp creases. Ruler and a ballpoint embosser are also taken help of for scoring the paper.

There are many types of Origami that are done today. Some of them include: Action Origami; a type in which the Origami model can be manipulated in certain ways to bring life to the seemingly still model. Modular Origami; is a name given to the type that uses different pieces of Origami to make a final complicated structure. Pure-land Origami; it is another type that asks to make the figure by only using the mountain or valley folds. Wet-folding; it is yet another technique in which a model is made that uses gentle curves and the paper is moistened to make it easier to shape it in to wave or circular patterns.

In ancient times, Origami usage was restricted to the purpose of beautification of gifts and the decoration of envelopes etc. But as of today, with the advancement in technology Origami has found its way to contribute with the technological era too. Origami is used in Architectural Engineering as well as Civil Engineering to make sample, miniature deploy-able models. Origami is also used for research in Medicine, as its 3D structure helps in the simulation of DNA patterns and also for modelling cell membrane and Protein structures. In Mathematics, teachers use Origamis to make pupils get an understanding of geometrical shapes etc.

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